The most loved plant in the world is the rose among the oldest of cultivated flowers.The rose is the flower of flowers. The rose interest is greater than ever and there are roses for all tastes. Roses can be divided into two main groups, Old Garden Roses and Modern Garden Roses. The old roses, which also include wild roses were established prior to the year 1867.
The characteristics of old roses are strong fragance, good resistance and modesty. They also repeat flowering, have smaller and more leaves than modern ones. Examples of old roses are " Maidens Blush, Stanwell Perceptual, Comte de Chambord, Mme Plantier.
Modern roses have larger and fewer flowers, long flowering and lack fragance.The best well-known and best selling rose in the world is "Peace" from 1930. Other modern roses, for example, Nina Weibull, Robin Hood, Flammentanz and Ingrid Bergman".
Practical advices on cultivation of roses
Buy the best plants you can. The best time for planting depends on your climate. It is better to wait until the ground begins to warm up. Most roses need at least six hours of sun. The colder the climate the later flowering.
Plant the rose as soon as possible. First, before planting let the plant lay a few hours in a bucket of water. Dig a hole for each plant, about 60 cm deep and 50 cm wide. Set the plant deeper in cold climate, higher in warm ones. Do not plant too close to your cottage or a birch tree which absorbs water.
Roses can be grown in all types of soil. Use soil of good quality and mix with manure. You need to mix a lot of organic matter if the soil is sandy. Plant roses with the graft 15-20 cm below the soil. The rose can then develop their own roots. Fill with soil and water deeply and considerably. During the summer you should not allow roses to dry out. Roses are nutrient-consuming and need fertilizing every year.
Perennials and grass clippings below rose bushes keep the moisture remain in the soil and prevent weeds. Old fashioned perennials fit well with roses.
Image: © Dick Thompson. CC BY-SA 2.0.
"I sometimes think that never blows so red
The Rose as where some buried Caesar bled"
"O, my luve´s like a red red rose
That´s newly sprung in June
O, my luve´s like a melodie
That´s sweetly played in June"
Robert Burns 1759-96
I know a bank where the wild thyme blows,
Where oxlips and the nodding violet grows,
Quite over-canopied with luscious woodbine,
Wild sweet musk-roses and with eglantine..